In the blog, “The Science behind managing Adversity and Fear,” I outlined the regions of the brain involved in mediating our fear responses of fight, flight, freeze, and thoughtful engagement. The limbic system, reptilian brain (R-complex), and the neocortex are involved in evaluating the adversity and the readings from both are important. However, each region may or may not have a different perception regarding the degree of danger present. If there are differences, for example, and the limbic system and R-complex brains perceive a high degree of danger and the neocortex does not, the brain needs a way to determine which brain region is assessing the situation most accurately. The following Threat Assessment and Response model is a vehicle executives and leaders can utilize to respond with an appropriate strategy and effectively management the presence of adversity and fear.
The Threat Assessment and Response Model identifies 5 steps.
Step 1-Identify the threat(s) that elicited danger and fear.
Step 2-Assess the threat in terms of whether it is real or perceived, and in some circumstances it may contain some of each. Also, in this step, assess and determine the degree of harm or danger. For example, label the threat using a rating system of red (highest degree of danger), orange, yellow, or green (no danger).
Step 3-Develop a plan of action to eliminate, reduce, or manage real threats. As well, if the systems used made an error then those systems need to be address so the error won’t occur again. as well as perceived.
Step 4-Implement the plan of action.
Step 5-Evaluate the success of the plan and adjust, where necessary.